C# || How To Get Total Sum Root To Leaf Numbers In Binary Tree Using C#

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The following is a module with functions which demonstrates how to get the total sum root to leaf numbers in a binary tree using C#.

1. Sum Numbers – Problem Statement

You are given the root of a binary tree containing digits from 0 to 9 only.

Each root-to-leaf path in the tree represents a number.

  • For example, the root-to-leaf path 1 -> 2 -> 3 represents the number 123.

Return the total sum of all root-to-leaf numbers. Test cases are generated so that the answer will fit in a 32-bit integer.

A leaf node is a node with no children.

Example 1:

Example 1

Input: root = [1,2,3]
Output: 25
The root-to-leaf path 1->2 represents the number 12.
The root-to-leaf path 1->3 represents the number 13.
Therefore, sum = 12 + 13 = 25.

Example 2:

Example 2

Input: root = [4,9,0,5,1]
Output: 1026
The root-to-leaf path 4->9->5 represents the number 495.
The root-to-leaf path 4->9->1 represents the number 491.
The root-to-leaf path 4->0 represents the number 40.
Therefore, sum = 495 + 491 + 40 = 1026.

2. Sum Numbers – Solution

The following are two solutions which demonstrates how to get the total sum root to leaf numbers in a binary tree.

Both solutions use Depth First Search to explore items at each level.



The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output for the example cases:


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