Tag Archives: functions

Java || Modulus – Celsius To Fahrenheit Conversion Displaying Degrees Divisible By 10 Using Modulus

This page will consist of two simple programs which demonstrate the use of the modulus operator (%).

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Modulus
Do/While Loop
Methods (A.K.A "Functions") - What Are They?
Simple Math - Divisibility
Celsius to Fahrenheit Conversion

===== FINDING THE DIVISIBILITY OF A NUMBER =====

Take a simple arithmetic problem: what’s left over when you divide an odd number by an even number? The answer may not be easy to compute, but we know that it will most likely result in an answer which has a decimal remainder. How would we determine the divisibility of a number in a programming language like Java? That’s where the modulus operator comes in handy.

To have divisibility means that when you divide the first number by another number, the quotient (answer) is a whole number (i.e – no decimal values). Unlike the division operator, the modulus operator (‘%’), has the ability to give us the remainder of a given mathematical operation that results from performing integer division.

To illustrate this, here is a simple program which prompts the user to enter a number. Once the user enters a number, they are asked to enter in a divisor for the previous number. Using modulus, the program will determine if the second number is divisible by the first number. If the modulus result returns 0, the two numbers are divisible. If the modulus result does not return 0, the two numbers are not divisible. The program will keep re-prompting the user to enter in a correct choice until a correct result is obtained.


The above program determines if number ‘A’ is divisible be number ‘B’ via modulus. Unlike the division operator, which does not return the remainder of a number, the modulus operator does, thus we are able to find divisibility between two numbers.

To demonstrate the above code, here is a sample run:

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Please enter a value: 21
Please enter a factor of 21: 5

Incorrect, 21 is not divisible by 5.

Please enter a new multiple integer for 21: 7
Correct! 21 is divisible by 7

(21/7) = 3

===== CELSIUS TO FAHRENHEIT CONVERSION DISPLAYING DEGREES DIVISIBLE BY 10 =====

Now that we understand how modulus works, the second program shouldn’t be too difficult. This function first prompts the user to enter in an initial (low) value. After the program obtains the low value from the user, the program will ask for another (high) value. After it obtains the needed information, it displays all the degrees, from the range of the low number to the high number, which are divisible by 10. So if the user enters a low value of 3 and a high value of 303, the program will display all of the Celsius to Fahrenheit degrees within that range which are divisible by 10.


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Enter a low number: 3
Enter a high number: 303

Celsius Fahrenheit:
3..........37.4
10.........50
20.........68
30.........86
40........104
50........122
60........140
70........158
80........176
90........194
100.......212
110.......230
120.......248
130.......266
140.......284
150.......302
160.......320
170.......338
180.......356
190.......374
200.......392
210.......410
220.......428
230.......446
240.......464
250.......482
260.......500
270.......518
280.......536
290.......554
300.......572
303.......577.4

C++ || Char Array – Palindrome Number Checker Using A Character Array, Strlen, Strcpy, & Strcmp

The following is a palindromic number checking program, which demonstrates more use of character array’s, Strlen, & Strcmp.

Want sample code for a palindrome checker which works for numbers and words? Click here.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Character Arrays
How to reverse a character array
Palindrome - What is it?
Strlen
Strcpy
Strcmp
Isdigit
Atoi - Convert a char array to a number
Do/While Loops
For Loops

This program first asks the user to enter a number that they wish to compare for similarity. If the number which was entered into the system is a palindrome, the program will prompt a message to the user via cout. This program determines similarity by using the strcmp function to compare two arrays together. Using a for loop, this program also demonstrates how to reverse a character array, aswell as demonstrates how to determine if the text contained in a character array is a number or not.

This program will repeatedly prompt the user for input until an “exit code” is obtained. The designated exit code in this program is the number 0 (zero). So the program will not stop asking for user input until the number 0 is entered into the program.


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

Enter a positive integer, or (0) to exit: L33T

*** error: "L33T" is not an integer

Enter a positive integer, or (0) to exit: -728

*** error: -728 must be greater than zero

Enter a positive integer, or (0) to exit: 1858

1858 is NOT a Palindrome!

Enter a positive integer, or (0) to exit: 7337

7337 is a Palindrome..

Enter a positive integer, or (0) to exit: 0

Exiting program...

BYE!

Java || Whats My Name? – Practice Using Strings, Methods & Switch Statemens

Here is another actual homework assignment which was presented in an intro to programming class. This program highlights more use using strings, modules, and switch statements.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

How To Get String Input
If/Else Statements
Methods (A.K.A "Functions") - What Are They?
Switch Statements - How To Use Them
Equal - String Comparison

This program first prompts the user to enter their name. Upon receiving that information, the program saves input into a string called “firstName.” The program then asks if the user has a middle name. If they do, the user will enter a middle name. If they dont, the program proceeds to ask for a last name. Upon receiving the first, [middle], and last names, the program will append the first, [middle], and last names into a completely new string titled “fullName.” Lastly, if the users’ first, [middle], or last names are the same, the program will display that data to the screen via stdout. The program will also display to the user the number of characters their full name contains using the built in function “length.”


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output
Note: The code was compiled five separate times to display the different outputs its able to produce

====== RUN 1 ======

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Please enter your first name: My
Do you have a middle name?(Y/N): y
Please enter your middle name: Programming
Please enter your last name: Notes

The total number of characters in your name is: 18
And your full name is My Programming Notes

====== RUN 2 ======

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Please enter your first name: Programming
Do you have a middle name?(Y/N): n
Please enter your last name: Notes

The total number of characters in your name is: 16
And your full name is Programming Notes

====== RUN 3 ======

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Please enter your first name: Notes
Do you have a middle name?(Y/N): y
Please enter your middle name: Notes
Please enter your last name: Notes

Your first and middle name are the same
Your middle and last name are the same
Your first and last name are the same

The total number of characters in your name is: 15
And your full name is Notes Notes Notes

====== RUN 4 ======

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Please enter your first name: My
Do you have a middle name?(Y/N): n
Please enter your last name: My

Your first and last name are the same

The total number of characters in your name is: 4
And your full name is My My

====== RUN 5 ======

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Please enter your first name: My
Do you have a middle name?(Y/N): z

Please press either 'Y' or 'N'
Program exiting...

Java || Count The Total Number Of Characters, Vowels, & UPPERCASE Letters Contained In A Sentence Using A ‘For Loop’

Here is a simple program, which demonstrates more practice using the input/output mechanisms which are available in Java.

This program will prompt the user to enter a sentence, then upon entering an “exit code,” will display the total number of uppercase letters, vowels and characters which are contained within that sentence. This program is very similar to an earlier project, this time, utilizing a for loop, strings, and user defined methods.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

How To Get String Input
If/Else Statements
For Loops
Methods (A.K.A "Functions") - What Are They?


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted portions are areas of interest.

Notice line 22 contains the for loop declaration. The loop will continually loop thru the string, and will not stop doing so until it reaches an exit character, and the defined exit character in this program is a period (“.”). So, the program will not stop looping thru the string until it reaches a period.

Once compiling the above code, you should receive this as your output

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Enter a sentence, ending with a period:
My Programming Notes Is An Awesome Site.

Total number of upper case letters:........7
Total number of vowels:....................14
Total number of characters:................33

Java || Compute The Sum From A String Of Integers & Display Each Number Individually

Here is a simple program, which was presented in a Java course. This program was used to introduce the input/output mechanisms which are available in Java. This assignment was modeled after Exercise 2.30, taken from the textbook “Java How to Program” (early objects) (9th Edition) (Deitel). It is the same exercise in both the 8th and 9th editions.

Our class was asked to make a program which prompts the user to enter a non-negative integer into the system. The program was supposed to then extract the digits from the inputted number, displaying them each individually, separated by a white space (” “). After the digits are displayed, the program was then supposed to display the sum of those digits to the screen. So for example, if the user inputted the number “39465,” the program would output the numbers 3 9 4 6 5 individually, and then the sum of 27.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

How To Get String Input
If/Else Statements
Do/While Loops
For Loops
Methods (A.K.A "Functions") - What Are They?
ParseInt - Convert String To Integer
Substring
Try/Catch


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

Welcome to My Programming Notes' Java Program.

Enter a non negative integer: 0

The digits are: 0 and the sum is 0

Do you have more data for input? (Y/N): y

------------------------------------------------
Enter a non negative integer: 39465

The digits are: 3 9 4 6 5 and the sum is 27

Do you have more data for input? (Y/N): y

------------------------------------------------
Enter a non negative integer: H3ll0 W0rld

H3ll0 W0rld is not a number...
Please enter digits only!

Do you have more data for input? (Y/N): y

------------------------------------------------
Enter a non negative integer: -98

-98 is a negative number...
Please enter positive digits only!

Do you have more data for input? (Y/N): y

------------------------------------------------
Enter a non negative integer: 19.87

19.87 is a decimal number...
Please enter positive whole numbers only!

Do you have more data for input? (Y/N): n

------------------------------------------------

BYE!

C++ || Stack – Using A Stack, Determine If A Set Of Parentheses Is Well-Formed

Here is another homework assignment which was presented in a C++ Data Structures course. This assignment was used to introduce the stack ADT, and helped prepare our class for two later assignments which required using a stack. Those assignments can be found here:

(1) Stack Based Infix To Postfix Conversion (Single Digit)
(2) Stack Based Postfix Evaluation (Single Digit)

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Stack Data Structure
Cin.getline
#include "ClassStackListType.h"

A simple exercise for testing a stack is determining whether a set of parenthesis is “well formed” or not. What exactly is meant by that? In the case of a pair of parenthesis, for an expression to be well formed, consider the following table.


Given an expression with characters and parenthesis, ( ), [ ], and { }, our class was asked to determine if an expression was well formed or not by using the following algorithm:

======= WELL-FORMED EXPRESSIONS =======

This program uses a custom template.h class. To obtain the code for that class, click here.


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output
(Note: the code was compile four separate times to display different output)

====== RUN 1 ======

Enter an expression and press ENTER.
((
The expression: (( is NOT well formed!!!

====== RUN 2 ======

Enter an expression and press ENTER.
(a{b[]}c)

The expression: (a{b[]}c) is well formed...

====== RUN 3 ======

Enter an expression and press ENTER.
[(7 * 28) - 1987]

The expression: [(7 * 28) - 1987] is well formed...

====== RUN 4 ======

Enter an expression and press ENTER.
{3 + [2 / 3] - (9 + 18) * 12)

The expression: {3 + [2 / 3] - (9 + 18) * 12) is NOT well formed!!!

C++ || Class & Input/Output – Display The Contents Of A User Specified Text File To The Screen

The following is another intermediate homework assignment which was presented in a C++ programming course. This program was assigned to introduce more practice using the class data structure, which is very similar to the struct data structure.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Header Files - How To Use Them
Class - What Is It?
How To Read Data From A File
String - Getline
Array - Cin.Getline
Strcpy - Copy Contents Of An Array
#Define

This program first prompts the user to input a file name. After it obtains a file name from the user, it then attempts to display the contents of the user specified file to the output screen. If the file could not be found, an error message appears. If the file is found, the program continues as normal. After the file contents finishes being displayed, a summary indicating the total number of lines which has been read is also shown to the screen.

This program was implemented into 3 different files (two .cpp files, and one header file .h). So the code for this program will be broken up into 3 sections, the main file (.cpp), the header file (.h), and the implementation of the functions within the header file (.cpp).

Note: The data file that is used in this example can be downloaded here.

Also, in order to read in the data .txt file, you need to save the .txt file in the same directory (or folder) as your .cpp file is saved in. If you are using Visual C++, this directory will be located in

Documents > Visual Studio 2010 > Projects > [Your project name] > [Your project name]

======== FILE #1 – Main.cpp ========

======== FILE #2 – CFileDisp.h ========

Remember, you need to name the header file the same as the #include from the Main.cpp file. This file contains the function declarations, but no implementation of those functions takes place here.

======== FILE #3 – CFileDisp.cpp ========

This is the function implementation file for the CFileDisp.h class. This file can be named anything you wish as long as you #include “CFileDisp.h”


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

C++ || Class – Roman Numeral To Integer & Integer To Roman Numeral Conversion

The following is another homework assignment which was presented in a C++ Data Structures course. This program was assigned in order to practice the use of the class data structure, which is very similar to the struct data structure.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Header Files - How To Use Them
Class - What Is It?
Do/While Loop
Passing a Value By Reference
Roman Numerals - How Do You Convert To Decimal?
Online Roman Numeral Converter - Check For Correct Results

This is an interactive program in which the user has the option of selecting from 7 modes of operation. Of those modes, the user has the option of entering in roman numerals for conversion, entering in decimal numbers for conversion, displaying the recently entered number, and finally converting between roman or decimal values.

A sample of the menu is as followed:
(Where the user would enter numbers 1-7 to select a choice)


This program was implemented into 3 different files (two .cpp files, and one header file .h). So the code for this program will be broken up into 3 sections, the main file (.cpp), the header file (.h), and the implementation of the functions within the header file (.cpp).

======== FILE #1 – Menu.cpp ========

NOTE: On some compilers, you may have to add #include < cstdlib> in order for the code to compile.



======== FILE #2 – ClassRomanType.h ========

Remember, you need to name the header file the same as the #include from the Menu.cpp file. This file contains the function declarations, but no implementation of those functions takes place here.


======== FILE #3 – RomanType.cpp ========

This is the function implementation file for the ClassRomanType.h class. This file can be named anything you wish as long as you #include “ClassRomanType.h”


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 9

You selected choice #9 which will:
Error, you entered an invalid command!
Please try again...
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 5

You selected choice #5 which will: Print the current Decimal number

The current Roman to Decimal Value is: 0
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 6

You selected choice #6 which will: Print the current Roman Numeral

The current Decimal to Roman Value is: Currently Undefined
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 1

You selected choice #1 which will: Get Decimal Number

Enter a Decimal Number: 1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 5

You selected choice #5 which will: Print the current Decimal number

The current Roman to Decimal Value is: 1987
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 3

You selected choice #3 which will: Convert from Decimal to Roman
Running....
Complete!
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 6

You selected choice #6 which will: Print the current Roman Numeral

The current Decimal to Roman Value is: MCMLXXXVII
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 2

You selected choice #2 which will: Get Roman Numeral

Enter a Roman Numeral: mMxiI
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 6

You selected choice #6 which will: Print the current Roman Numeral

The current Decimal to Roman Value is: mMxiI
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 4

You selected choice #4 which will: Convert from Roman to Decimal
Running....
Complete!
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 5

You selected choice #5 which will: Print the current Decimal number

The current Roman to Decimal Value is: 2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------
From the following menu:

1. Enter a Decimal number
2. Enter a Roman Numeral
3. Convert from Decimal to Roman
4. Convert from Roman to Decimal
5. Print the current Decimal number
6. Print the current Roman Numeral
7. Quit

Please enter a selection: 7

You selected choice #7 which will: Quit
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Bye!

C++ || Snippet – Linked List Custom Template Stack Sample Code

This page will consist of sample code for a custom linked list template stack. This page differs from the previously highlighted array based template stack in that this version uses a singly linked list to store data rather than using an array.

Looking for sample code for a queue? Click here.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS SNIPPET

Structs
Classes
Template Classes - What Are They?
Stacks
LIFO - What Is It?
#include < stack>
Linked Lists - How To Use

This template class is a custom duplication of the Standard Template Library (STL) stack class. Whether you like building your own data structures, you simply do not like to use any inbuilt functions, opting to build everything yourself, or your homework requires you make your own data structure, this sample code is really useful. I feel its beneficial building functions such as this, that way you better understand the behind the scene processes.


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

===== DEMONSTRATION HOW TO USE =====

Use of the above template class is the same as its STL counterpart. Here is a sample program demonstrating its use.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

charStack has 31 items in it
and contains the text "My Programming Notes Is Awesome" backwards:
emosewA sI setoN gnimmargorP yM

intStack has 9 items in it.
The sum of the numbers in the stack is: 2145

floatStack has 10 items in it.
The sum of the numbers in the stack is: 286.717

C++ || “One Size Fits All” – BubbleSort Which Works For Integer, Float, & Char Arrays

Here is another sorting algorithm, which sorts data that is contained in an array. The difference between this method, and the previous methods of sorting data is that this method works with multiple data types, all in one function. So for example, if you wanted to sort an integer and a character array within the same program, the code demonstrated on this page has the ability to sort both data types, eliminating the need to make two separate sorting functions for the two different data types.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Integer Arrays
Character Arrays
BubbleSort
Pointers
Function Pointers - What Are They?
Memcpy
Sizeof
Sizet
Malloc


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

Notice, the same function declaration is being used for all 3 different data types, with the only difference between each function call are the parameters which are being sent out.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output
(Note: The function works for all three data types)


Original values in the int array:
44 91 43 22 20 100 77 80 84 60 47 91 51 81

The sorted values in the int array:
20 22 43 44 47 51 60 77 80 81 84 91 91 100
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Original values in the float array:
49.5 30.5 67.5 50.5 29.5 89.5 78.5 80.5 54.5 7.5 54.5 38.5 56.5 70.5

The sorted values in the float array:
7.5 29.5 30.5 38.5 49.5 50.5 54.5 54.5 56.5 67.5 70.5 78.5 80.5 89.5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Original values in the char array:
This Is Random Text Brought To You By My Programming Notes

The sorted values in the char array:
Brought By Is My Notes Programming Random Text This To You

C++ || Snippet – Array Based Custom Template Stack Sample Code

This page will consist of sample code for a custom array based template stack.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS SNIPPET

Classes
Template Classes - What Are They?
Stacks
LIFO - What Is It?
#include < stack>

This template class is a custom duplication of the Standard Template Library (STL) stack class. Whether you like building your own data structures, you simply do not like to use any inbuilt functions, opting to build everything yourself, or your homework requires you make your own data structure, this sample code is really useful. I feel its beneficial building functions such as this, that way you better understand the behind the scene processes.


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

===== DEMONSTRATION HOW TO USE =====

Use of the above template class is the same as its STL counterpart. Here is a sample program demonstrating its use.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output


charStack has 20 items in it
and contains the text: My Programming Notes
backwards setoN gnimmargorP yM

intStack has 9 items in it.
The sum of the numbers in the stack is: 45

floatStack has 10 items in it.
The sum of the numbers in the stack is: 52.834

C++ || Snippet – How To Reverse An Integer Using Modulus & While Loop

This page will consist of a simple program which demonstrates how to reverse an integer (not an int array) using modulus and a while loop.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS SNIPPET

Functions
Modulus
While Loops


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output
(Note: the code was compiled three separate times to display different output)

==== RUN #1 ====

Enter a number: 2012
2012 reversed is: 2102

==== RUN #2 ====

Enter a number: 1987
1987 reversed is: 7891

==== RUN #3 ====

Enter a number: 241
241 reversed is: 142

C++ || Char Array – Convert Text Contained In A Character Array From Lower To UPPERCASE

This program demonstrates how to switch text which is contained in a char array from lower to UPPERCASE. This program also demonstrates how to convert all of the text contained in a char array to lower/UPPERCASE.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Character Arrays
Cin.getline
Islower
Isupper
Tolower
Toupper
Strlen
While Loops
For Loops
Constant Variables
Setw

Using a constant integer value, this program first asks the user to enter in 3 lines of text they wish to convert from lower to UPPERCASE. Upon obtaining the information from the user, the program then converts all the text which was placed into the character array from lower to uppercase in the following order:

(1) Switches the text from lower to UPPERCASE
(2) Converts all the text to UPPERCASE
(3) Converts all the text to lowercase

After each conversion is complete, the program displays the updated information to the screen via cout.

NOTE: On some compilers, you may have to add #include < cstdlib>, #include < cctype>, and #include < cstring> in order for the code to compile.


QUICK NOTES:
The highlighted lines are sections of interest to look out for.

Click here to see how cin.getline works.

The code is heavily commented, so no further insight is necessary. If you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment below.

Once compiled, you should get this as your output

Please enter 3 line(s) of text you wish to convert from lower to UPPERCASE:
#1: I StriKe hiM a heAVy bloW.
#2: When cAn the neRve ShinE?
#3: My Programming Notes.

------------------------------------------------------------
This is what you entered into the system:
Text #1: I StriKe hiM a heAVy bloW.
Text #2: When cAn the neRve ShinE?
Text #3: My Programming Notes.

------------------------------------------------------------
This is the information switched from lower to UPPERCASE:
Text #1: i sTRIkE HIm A HEavY BLOw.
Text #2: wHEN CaN THE NErVE sHINe?
Text #3: mY pROGRAMMING nOTES.

------------------------------------------------------------
This is the information converted to all UPPERCASE:
Text #1: I STRIKE HIM A HEAVY BLOW.
Text #2: WHEN CAN THE NERVE SHINE?
Text #3: MY PROGRAMMING NOTES.

------------------------------------------------------------
This is the information converted to all lowercase:
Text #1: i strike him a heavy blow.
Text #2: when can the nerve shine?
Text #3: my programming notes.

C++ || Class – A Simple Calculator Implementation Using A Class, Enum List, Typedef & Header Files

The following is another homework assignment which was presented in a programming class, that was used to introduce the concept of the class data structure, which is very similar to the struct data structure.

REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS PROGRAM

Header Files - How To Use Them
Class - Data Structure
Enumerated List
Typedef
Do/While Loop
Passing a Value By Reference
Constant Variables
Atoi - Convert String To Int Value

This is an interactive program which simulates a basic arithmetic calculator, where the user has the option of selecting from 9 modes of operation. Of those modes, the user has the option of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing two numbers together. Also included in the calculator is a mode which deducts percentages from any given variable the user desires, so for example, if the user wanted to deduct 23% from the number 87, the program would display the reduced value of 66.99.

A sample of the menu is as followed:
(Where the user would enter numbers 1-9 to select a choice)

This program was implemented into 3 different files (two .cpp files, and one header file .h). So the code for this program will be broken up into 3 sections, the main file (.cpp), the header file (.h), and the implementation of the functions within the header file (.cpp).

NOTE: On some compilers, you may have to add #include < cstdlib> in order for the code to compile.

======== File #1 Main.cpp ========


======== File #2 CCalc.h. ========

Remember, you need to name the header file the same as the #include from the main.cpp file. This file contains the function declarations, but no implementation of those functions takes place here.

======== File #3 CCalc.cpp. ========

This is the function implementation file for the CCalc.h class. This file can be named anything you wish as long as you #include “CCalc.h”